The Qur’an is the word of Allah the most exalted. Its every syllable is from Allah. Its recitation must be taken very seriously.
Tajweed ( ﺗﺠﻮﻳﺪ ) is an Arabic word meaning correct pronunciation during recitation. It is a set of rules which dictate how the Qur’an should be read. It comes from the root word ‘ja-wa-da’ meaning to make well, make better or improve. However in this course it is taught reciting the Quraan Shareef with its correct makhraj & with different intonations.
Allah commands us: “And recite the Qur’an distinctly (tarteel)”.
When the angel Jibreel (peace be upon him) recited the words of Allah to the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) he recited them in a certain way and he showed the Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) the ways in which it was permissible to recite the Qur’an. The Prophet taught his companions with the rules applied to his recitation and so the science of tajweed was passed on from generation to generation.
Applying the rules of Tajweed is an obligation to keep away from the major mistakes in reciting the Quran. Our Tajweed session makes the students to the recite the Quran proficiently, observing the correct pronunciation of every letter with the rulings and characteristics which apply to it, without any exaggeration or deficiency.
When Islam was being spread (and it was done so at a very quick pace and also into non-Arab speaking countries) not everyone’s tongue was accustomed to the Arabic letters and sounds. Thus, when reciting the Qur’an, much error and distortion occurred and the Muslim scholars feared (the perpetration of) that error and distortion.
It was at this point that some of them recorded the rules and foundations that regulate the correct pronunciation of Qur’an, and they named this the Science of Tajweed.
The rules were not made up by these Scholars. In fact, all they did was closely observe the perfect readers who read as they were taught by the Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) and wrote down for later generations the rules of recitation of the earlier generations.
From the outset, Tajweed was a Science that cannot be learnt only from a book and will always retain this inherent quality.
The most important part of Tajweed is learning about correct positions of the organs of speech and the manner of articulation. The Qur’an can lose its meaning if the letters are not pronounced correctly.
Tajweed is not intended to be about just learning rules and committing them to memory, but rather the correct application of those rules while reciting the Qur’an.
When ‘tajweed’ is observed, the reading will flow smoothly and eloquently. The reader will also be sure he is following the holy Prophet’s (Peace be Upon Him) example by reciting the Qur’an just as the Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) did and just as it was revealed to him – InshaAllah. Failure to adhere to those rules may result in an unacceptable manner of reading, altering the entire meaning of the words and making one guilty of the unintentional utterance of the words of disbelief (kufr). Incorrect recital of the Qur’an constitutes LAHN, which may deprive the reader of any reward in the Hereafter, and Allah (Peace be Upon Him) Knows Best.